Dairy free seems hard to start with but take some care and you can eat well. Don't deny yourself treats when you can use nut milks and soya yoghurts for lush smoothies and milkshakes. Eat plenty of leafy green salads to be sure of getting enough calcium, fish is good too. Seek out vegan desserts - avocado, coconut oil and raw cacao mix up to an amazing glossy mousse.
A gluten free diet is necessary for sufferers of coeliac disease. Gluten is the protein found in wheat, rye and barley so ordinary breads, pies, cakes and bakes must be avoided. Don't despair - buy gluten free ingredients to make your own bread, pizza and cake. Enjoy plenty of fresh fruit, poultry, meat and fish, plus cheese and wine too - they're all gluten free.
Eating plenty of fibre keeps your gut healthy and is so good for your overall health. Easy to achieve, you must include lots of fruit and vegetables daily and plenty of pulses. Breakfast on muesli or whole grain toast topped generously with fruit marmalade. Try salads at lunch when it's hot out or chunky soups when it's not. Make chilli for tea topped with herb salsa as well as a dollop of sour cream. Snack on hummus, simply gorgeous with raw veg sticks and yet it is doing you good. Lots of fruit for dessert in pies and in salads, and dipped straight into chocolate - sometimes.
For a low carb diet swap simple carbohydrates like white sliced bread, pastries and biscuits in favour of complex ones that have undergone the least processing like jumbo oats, brown rice, spelt, rye and barley. Eat plenty of fruit and vegetables too, in salads and dishes like roasted vegetable curries where most of the fibre is still there and the flavours are particularly fine. Enjoy food you need to chew well before you can swallow...
Looking to lose a little weight? Make healthy low fat meals from fresh ingredients and know what you're eating rather than buy ready made low fat foods that tend to be full of sugar and so very self defeating if slimming is your goal.
Salt is one of the simplest and most important ingredients in the world. It enhances flavour - chocolate salted caramel is ample proof of that and preserves everything from beef and the pickles it's served with. But using those fine characteristics in processed food has increased salt consumption to worrying levels. Reduce the risk of high blood pressure and its associated outcomes like heart attack by avoiding lots of ready made foods - especially those with barbecued, smoked and marinated on the label - and stick to lots of fresh fruit and vegetables with little or no salt when you cook.
A vegan diet is complex to follow as it uses such a limited palette of foods. No animals or animal products, not even honey, are allowed so concentrate on lots of nuts, beans and pulses and masses of fruit and veg and it can be an interesting challenge to eat well. Find soya, nut and rice milk and the associated yoghurts and cheeses, seek out interesting oils like walnut and rapeseed to use alongside peanut and olive and explore the incredible versatility of tofu.
A vegetarian diet can be a rich and varied way to eat, healthy too with not much saturated fat and plenty of fibre along with the flavour. There's an enticing range of vegetarian food across the world, with a multitude of variations on dal and curries throughout India, get to know the varied grains and roasted vegetable tagines of the Middle East and try the amazing numbers of classic Italian pastas and risottos.